The upcoming 21st Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), COP21, provides a global stage
to highlight the importance of climate action by all sectors – with climate actions on
transport central among these. The transport sector has a big stake in this. Global
transport is responsible for around 23% of energy related emissions.
Transport stakeholders have come forward with 15 initiatives covering several aspects of transport.
Collectively the initiatives presented here, if widely supported by state-and non-state actors, and implemented at scale, can reduce the carbon footprint of an estimated half of all the passenger and freight trips made by 2025. Actions such as these can contribute to substantive savings associated with a shift to low carbon transport. The International Energy Agency estimated that these could be as high as $70 trillion USD by 2050 as less money would need be invested in vehicles, fuel and transport infrastructure reflecting the strong economic case for climate action in the transport sector.
Enabling policies and financing for these initiatives - which cover both mitigation and adaptation - will be key in implementing ambitious action on climate change and keeping to the required 2° C limit. These initiatives on transport and climate change will also contribute significantly towards realizing the Global Goals on Sustainable Development adopted in September 2015 in New York.
In addition to the commitments at the global level, it is important to include sub-national and local governments in creating further access to sustainable, low carbon transport. Cities can play a significant role in scaling up sustainable, low carbon transport and facilitating transport’s contribution to a low carbon future. Since 2012, there has been a substantial increase in the number of initiatives and commitments from cities and mayors on sustainable, low carbon transport including Compact of Mayors, C40 Cities Clean Bus Declaration of Intent and Covenant of Mayors.READ MORE